Superfund Site: NAVAL AMPHIBIOUS BASE LITTLE CREEK, VIRGINIA BEACH, VA
Superfund Site Profile
The Naval Amphibious Base Little Creek (NABLC) facility is located in the Tidewater region of Virginia, near the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. NABLC is located within the city limits of Virginia Beach and consists of 2,215 acres. It is surrounded by residential, commercial, industrial, and recreational developments. On the western portion of the naval base are Little Creek Cove and Desert Cove, which empty into Little Creek Channel, and Little Creek Channel, which empties into the Chesapeake Bay. There are several lakes on or adjacent to NABLC, including Lake Bradford, Lake Chubb, Varian Lake, Little Creek Reservoir, Lake Smith Reservoir, and Lake Whitehurst. Overland drainage from the sources at the Little Creek facility flows into Little Creek Cove, Desert Cove, and the Chesapeake Bay.
NABLC grew out of four bases constructed during World War II - the Amphibious Training Base, Naval Frontier Base, and Camps Bradford and Shelton. It consisted of three annexes named for the former owners of the property; Shelton on the east, Bradford in the center, and Whitehurst to the west. A Secretary of the Navy letter in July 1945 disestablished the separate bases and established the Naval Amphibious Base Little Creek with a commissioning date of August 10, 1945. In 1946 Little Creek was designated a permanent base. NABLC provide support services to more than 14,400 personnel of the 132 resident commands and 18 home ported ships located on the base. The combination of operational support and training facilities are geared predominantly to expeditionary warfare operations.
The population of the base increases during the summer when a significant number of midshipmen and Navy and Marine Corps reservists train in amphibious/expeditionary warfare. Some 3,650 military personnel and their families live in base housing. In addition, approximately 3,000 civilians are employed at Little Creek Facility.
Operations that have occurred at the Little Creek facility include: vehicle and boat maintenance, boat painting and sandblasting, construction and repair of buildings and piers, mixing and application of pesticides, electroplating of musical instruments, laundry and dry cleaning, medical and dental treatment, and generation of steam for heat.