Superfund Site Profile
The City of Anniston is located in northeastern Alabama. It is about 50 miles east of Birmingham. The Anniston PCB site is located in and around Anniston, and surrounding Calhoun County. The Anniston site includes commercial, industrial and residential properties and downstream waterways and floodplains. Solutia’s Anniston plant (a subsidiary of Eastman Chemical Company (2012) is the main focus of this site. The plant has about 70 acres of land and is located about one mile west of downtown Anniston. The Norfolk Southern and Erie railroads border the plant to the north. Clydesdale Avenue borders the plant to the east, and First Avenue to the west. U.S. Highway 202 is located south of the plant.
Site investigations show that the former Monsanto Corporation's PCB manufacturing plant released the vast majority of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the area. The plant produced PCBs from 1929 until 1971. Today, the former PCB plant produces polyphenol compounds and phosphate ester-based hydraulic fluids. The facility is fenced, secured and access is restricted.
While operational, the plant disposed of hazardous and nonhazardous waste in several areas, including the West End and South Landfills. The Monsanto Corporation discharged a wastewater stream containing PCBs into a ditch, and which flowed into Snow Creek.
EPA has not listed this site on its NPL (National Priorities List), but EPA does consider it to be an NPL site. Therefore, it is being addressed through the Superfund Alternative Approach (Approach). The Superfund Alternative Approach uses the same research process and cleanup standards that the Approach uses for sites listed on the NPL.
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