Superfund Site Profile
The Sapp Battery Salvage site includes the area where Sapp Battery Company operated a battery recycling facility from the early 1970s to 1980. EPA placed the site on the Superfund program’s National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983 because of contaminated groundwater, surface water, soil and sediment resulting from facility operations.
EPA, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and the Sapp Battery Group, the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. By monitoring groundwater and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA, FDEP and the site’s PRPs continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.
The 45-acre site is located five miles south of Cottondale and two miles north of Alford, near the intersection of State Route 231 and County Road 280 (Corbin Road) in Jackson County, Florida. The site is fenced and vacant. Rural residential properties border the site to the north and west. The Atlanta and St. Andrews Bay rail line borders the site to the east and Corbin Road borders the site to the south. Site surroundings include forested areas, wetlands and agricultural land uses. From the early 1970s until 1980, a battery recycling facility operated at the site. Recycling operations included opening lead-acid batteries, removing the lead for recycling and discharging battery acid and plastic battery casings into an on-site pond and surrounding swamps and wetlands. In 1983, the EPA listed the site on the NPL. The site is not currently in use.
EPA’s Involvement at this Site
EPA conducted emergency short-term cleanup activities in 1980 to neutralize water in an on-site pond and the west swamp as well as to adjust the surface drainage of the facility. FDEP conducted several cleanup activities between 1984 and 1985, including removing about 9,300 tons of contaminated sludge and soil and treating about 175,000 gallons of water.
EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983 because of contaminated ground water, surface water, soil and sediment resulting from facility operations.
In 1986, EPA issued the cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. It included digging up, solidifying and stabilizing contaminated soil and sediment, and disposing of the material in an on-site landfill; using a pump-and-treat system to address contamination in groundwater and surface water from the on-site swamp and the off-site Steele City Bay area; monitoring wells within a one-mile radius of the site; and monitoring and maintaining the on-site landfill.
After issuing the ROD, EPA focused site investigations and cleanup activities on three areas, which EPA refers to as operable units, or OUs. These areas include OU-1: soil and source area contamination; OU-2: groundwater contamination; and OU-3: contaminated sediments in nearby swamps and wetlands.
The site’s PRPs conducted the OU-1 source control cleanup from 1999 through 2001.
EPA conducted cleanup activities for OU-3 in 2007 and 2008.
Ground water monitoring is ongoing. EPA plans to conduct Five-Year Reviews at the site to make sure the site cleanup remains protective of people and the environment.
What's being done to protect human health and the environment?
The Sapp Battery Group, the site’s PRPs, lead soil investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and FDEP. EPA leads investigation and cleanup activities of contaminated sediments in nearby swamps and wetlands as well as groundwater investigation and cleanup activities in cooperation with FDEP.
The site’s PRPs conducted the OU-1 source control cleanup from 1999 through 2001. Cleanup activities included digging up, solidifying, stabilizing and placing 93,944 cubic yards of soil and material in a 13-acre area on site. In 2004, EPA began to investigate remaining OU-2 groundwater contamination. EPA determined that the pump-and-treat approach would not work at the site because structure of the aquifer. As new groundwater data became available, the understanding of site conditions evolved, and new remedial approaches became feasible. In 2011, EPA issued a ROD Amendment to change the groundwater cleanup plan to monitored natural attenuation.
EPA conducted cleanup activities for OU-3 in 2007 and 2008. EPA dug up and disposed of 58,347 tons of contaminated soil and sediment off site.
The EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site PRPs to investigate and clean up OU-1. The PRP continues to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities. The EPA continues to implement and fund cleanup activities for OU-2 and OU-3.
Staying Informed and Involved
The EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews and public meetings. Site Repository: Jackson County Public Library 413 North Green Street Marianna, FL 32446
Are there risks at the site now?
Threats to human health and the environment are under control. At present, the soil (OU-1), surface water (OU-2) and sediment (OU-2) cleanups are complete and protective. The groundwater (OU-3) cleanup is underway and the threat of groundwater exposure is under control because of site restrictions and groundwater use restrictions. The Northwest Florida Water Management District has listed the site and nearby surrounding area as a groundwater delineation area, which means all wells placed in the area require the District’s approval.