Superfund Site Profile



Executive Summary: This battery recycling facility contaminated soil, sediment, surface water and groundwater, resulting in fish kills downstream. The EPA selected a remedy in 1986 to excavate and treat soil contamination; excavate and dispose contaminated sediments; and pump and treat groundwater. The EPA optimized the cleanup approach with decision documents in 1996, 1998, 2000, 2007 and 2011. A group of responsible parties conducted the soil cleanup in 1999. The EPA conducted the sediment cleanup in 2007 and 2008. The EPA changed the groundwater remedy to monitored natural attenuation in 2011 and continues monitoring. The facility is being reused as pasture and as natural habitat. The EPA will conduct Five Year Reviews indefinitely because lead contaminated soil is disposed on site.

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The Sapp Battery Salvage site includes the area where Sapp Battery Company operated a battery recycling facility from the early 1970s to 1980. EPA placed the site on the Superfund program’s National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983 because of contaminated groundwater, surface water, soil and sediment resulting from facility operations.

EPA, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and the Sapp Battery Group, the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. By monitoring groundwater and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA, FDEP and the site’s PRPs continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

The 45-acre site is located five miles south of Cottondale and two miles north of Alford, near the intersection of State Route 231 and County Road 280 (Corbin Road) in Jackson County, Florida. The site is fenced and vacant. Rural residential properties border the site to the north and west. The Atlanta and St. Andrews Bay rail line borders the site to the east and Corbin Road borders the site to the south. Site surroundings include forested areas, wetlands and agricultural land uses.  From the early 1970s until 1980, a battery recycling facility operated at the site. Recycling operations included opening lead-acid batteries, removing the lead for recycling and discharging battery acid and plastic battery casings into an on-site pond and surrounding swamps and wetlands. In 1983, the EPA listed the site on the NPL. Most of the site is currently being used as pasture.