Superfund Site: NOCATEE HULL CREOSOTE
Superfund Site Profile
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The Nocatee-Hull Creosote site includes a former creosote treatment plant and nearby affected areas. The former creosote treatment plant operated from 1913 until 1952. Site operations included treatment of railroad ties using high-temperature liquid creosote.
The site is located in a rural, residential area in the small, unincorporated community of Hull in DeSoto County, Florida. The City of Arcadia is located a few miles to the northeast where significant commercial growth is anticipated in the future. The site covers three separate areas: the 38-acre former creosote wood treating plant area; a portion of the adjacent 35-acre Peace River floodplain area, which includes a borrow pit (a large area where soil has been dug up), stream and floodplain to the west; and a portion of a 45-acre rural residential area on the east side of Hull Avenue, referred to as the Oak Creek area. The area surrounding the site includes citrus groves to the north, east and south and wetlands to the west. Approximately 20 residences and two churches are also located in the area. Local residents are primarily low-income.
Past operations contaminated soil, ground water and sediment. EPA, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and the site’s potentially responsible party (PRP) have investigated site conditions and taken measures to address site contamination. EPA has issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) to address site contaminants (substances that could cause harm to people and the environment). These parties have taken these actions to ensure the safety of local residents and protect the environment from contamination. EPA and FDEP oversaw the site’s PRP who constructed the site cleanup plan specified in the ROD. The site's soil and ground water contamination is not a threat to nearby residents and businesses. A water line now connects most residences in the immediate vicinity of site contamination to the public water supply. Fencing prevents access to the site. EPA, FDEP and the PRP continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination through construction of the remedy and ongoing ground water monitoring.
The PRP owns the former plant area and affected portions of the Peace River floodplain as well as the affected property parcels in the Oak Creek area, east of Hull Avenue, purchased in order to implement site cleanup activities. The site’s PRP purchased and demolished several residences affected by site contamination as part of preparations for site cleanup activities.