Superfund Site: MOSS-AMERICAN CO., INC. (KERR-MCGEE OIL CO.)
Superfund Site Profile
On November 10, 2014, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York (SDNY) approved the historic settlement agreement that was announced by EPA and the Department of Justice (DOJ) on April 3, 2014, resolving fraudulent conveyance claims against Kerr-McGee Corporation and related subsidiaries of Anadarko Petroleum Corporation. The deadline for any appeals from the district court's decision passed on January 20, 2015, without any appeal being filed. The settlement agreement went into effect on January 21, 2015.
The Moss-American site comprises 88 acres including a former creosote facility and six miles of the Little Menomonee River, which is adjacent to the former facility. The Moss-American property is located at the intersection of Brown Deer and Granville Roads on Milwaukee's northwest side. About 65 acres are undeveloped Milwaukee County park land. About 23 acres are owned by the Union Pacific Railroad and are currently being used for industrial purposes.
From 1921 to 1976, Moss-American operated as a wood-preserving facility that treated railroad ties with a creosote and fuel-oil mixture. EPA environmental studies have concluded that previous site activities contaminated soil and ground water as well as sediment (mud) in the Little Menomonee River. Contaminants of concern include polychlorinated aromatic hydrocarbons and organic compounds such as benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene, and xylene.
Creosote is derived from coal tar. Naphthalene, an example of a PAH, is the most common ingredient in coal tar, and so it is also the most common ingredient in creosote. PAHs can often cause irritation and rashes to people with sensitive skin. Because river sediment is contaminated with PAHs, it is important for people to refrain from coming into contact with it.